Acrobatic Gymnastics


Acrobatic Gymnastics is a competitive discipline of gymnastics in which gymnasts in pairs or groups perform routines consisting of acrobatic skills, dance and tumbling choreographed on music. In competitions, gymnasts perform three routines including one balance, one dynamic and one combined exercise. The sport combines the strength, balance, and grace of gymnastics with teamwork, coordination with musical accompaniment.


Acrobatics as a particular sport was first used in the Soviet Union in the 1930s while the International Federation of Sports Acrobatics (IFSA) was founded in 1973 and organized the first World Championships in Sports Acrobatics in 1974. In 1998, the organization was dissolved and the sport officially became a discipline of FIG in 2000.


The main events conducted by Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (“FIG”) are –

  • Men’s groups (quadruples)
  • Men’s Pairs
  • Mixed Pairs
  • Women’s groups (triples)
  • Women’s Pairs


Acrobatic Gymnastics – Shoes

Gymnasts wear flexible and cushioned shoes that offer support and shock absorption.

Acrobatic Gymnastics – Clothing

Women wear a one-piece leotard and skin-colored tights and men wear one or two piece stretchy costume.


The three types of techniques are-

  • Balance routine
  • Combined routine
  • Dynamic routine

Maximum Duration

The maximum duration for each of the performance is 2 minutes 30 seconds. There is no minimum duration.


Penalties are imposed on athletes for making any rule infringement and points are deducted from the total score of the gymnasts. The situations are: if the music contains any word or if the duration of the exercise crosses the time limit etc.


Gymnasts are scored based on the (1) difficulty of the moves (2) artistic merit and (3)the execution. The total of all the three scores determines the winner of the event.


Artistic Judges

Four artistic judges assess the artistic merits and faults in the routine performed.

Chair of judges’ panel

Responsible for overseeing the panel’s activities and rules on any dispute.

Difficulty Judges

Two difficulty judges assess the difficulty of the movements performed in the routine.

Execution Judges

Four execution judges deduct points based on the technical imperfections in the execution of the routine.

Women wear a one-piece leotard and skin-colored tights and men wear one or two piece stretchy costume.

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